The human behavior is registered in our chromosome. However, to consider the main biocomportamentais aspects of the species human being is not easy question to approach its complexity due. Some events had constituted our biology in if treating to structural characteristics of the species, as for example, the position bpede propitiating some anatomical problems for the childbirth, over all referring to the reduction of the pelvic opening for where the baby would have to pass. In this direction, the retardation of the childbirth was the evolutiva solution for the problem. The author Fernando. Heart Specialist and gain more knowledge.. the R. Bridges affirms that the babies are born total defenseless.
My point of view, I believe that in biological terms, the babies are not total defenseless when they are born. For example, the just-born child supports more the cold, that is, the question to be of low of the cold water, glote closes and the water does not go for the lung, they almost cease the metabolic activities that if they normalize later when the child it leaves this state, comes back toward the ambient temperature, with the heating of the body. Although sufficient the immaturity presented for the babies, them surprises in the question who involve its predispositions for the social interaction: perceptual, expressive capacity, giving indicating of interaction strategy. Just-been born, as Langlois and Roggman (1990) prefer similar stimulatons the face human being. They look to its ‘ ‘ espelho’ ‘ that she is the mother, that is, the just-born babies recognize the face of the mother, preferring it.
Around three months of age, the child demonstrates preference for faces smiling. In the biological scope, for the processing of expressions indicated by the faces, she is if specialized neural mechanisms exist. The just-been born ones, in 1 or 2 day of life already identify and recognize the voice of the mother.
Two ambient factors if have detached in the research on HA (arterial hipertenso): the salt ingestion estresse and it. As an adaptation illness, in situation of it estresse, the organism demands adaptativa reply. In this in case that, the rise of the arterial pressure. As Fields (1992, P. 247): ' ' Subsequentes research aventaram other hypotheses concerning definitive correlated psychological characteristics with the HA, as negative alexitimia, depression, passivity, dependence, expectations face to situaes' '. Making arteteraputico makes possible the contact with the creative power of each one, providing different ways to deal with the significant changes that permeiam the daily one, and propitiates the desvelamento and a reposicionamento in the construction of a better life. ' ' The probability of speaking and reflecting exactly on itself, searching alternative of confrontation that not it hipertensiva reply, was enough for the control tensional' ' , it tells Fields (1992.
P. 248), after experience with a group of carriers of arterial hipertenso. The arteterapia will be able to still contribute as social support, in the measure where people is congregated around a common problem? the HA, identifying factors that intervene with the illness or its control, feeling themselves, thus, more valued as person and more made use if to take care of. The workshops the project was carried through through Criativa Workshop, for if dealing with a methodology that allows the reconstruction of a way transforming and for if configuring in a form of intervention in arteterapia, functioning as facilitador instrument in the processes of interior conscience. The regularity of the meeting was weekly and the group consisted, initially, of nine servers of both the sexos, with etria band between 29 and 55 years, happening the workshops in the period of February the June of 2008. Activities with different artistic resources and in each workshop had been developed an activity of increasing evolution, oportunizando the materialization and the simbolizao of the lived deeply difficulties.
Psychological defense is a special Stability of personality designed to guard against unpleasant consciousness, traumatic experiences. Fencing takes place by displacement of information contrary to the self – concept. The principle of psychological defense lies in the weakening of interpersonal stress, by distorting the existing reality, or causing the body to the following changes: psychic surgery, bodily disorders (dysfunction), manifested in the form of chronic psychosomatic symptoms, changes in behaviors. With long-term neurosis allowed the emergence of so-called secondary defense mechanisms that perpetuate neurotic behavior (for example, there is a rationalization to justify their failure, withdrawal sickness, which exempts from responsibility for solving problems). Coping (from the English. 'Cope' to cope, survive, cope) is stabilizing factor that can help the individual maintain psychosocial adaptation during stress.
Coping behavior – it's adaptive behavior in order to maintain equilibrium in a problem situation. The problem situation is characterized by: uncertainty. Increased complexity. Stressor Inconsistency Stressful situations are the following: Makrostressory (critical life events) require prolonged social adaptation, costs a lot of effort and accompanied by persistent affective disorders. Mikrostressory (daily congestion and troubles) are localized in time, entail deterioration of health, to restore the adaptation is not sufficiently large amount of time (minutes).
Psihotravmy (traumatic events) events with cutoff threshold of intensity is characterized by sudden, unpredictability. Chronic stressors (overload) the events of prolonged length of time, characterized by repeating the same type of stress overload. Stressors may be the reason, partial cause (kodeterminantoy), aggravate and provoke a mental disorder. Stress can also perform a protective function and .
The fifth variety of learning, in the system of Tolman, is the discrimination of impulses. One is about the capacity to make distinctions between the different impulses. This learning, of course, has narrow relation with the learning of catexias, where demands are related with object-goals. The sixth and last type of learning is the motor standards, that is, they are the muscular abilities for which an individual really reaches the goals and that they must be led in consideration in a complete theory of the learning. As well as it made with the motivadoras causes of the behavior, Tolman also searched to explain the learning through four 0 variable of individual differences: hereditary succession; age; training and endcrinas, medicamentosas or vitaminic conditions. 3.2.5Hull and the learning Clark Leonard Hull understood the motivation as an impulse (drive).
For Hull, the impulse serves so that the organism searchs to adapt the specific ambient conditions biological diminishing a flagrant necessity. The theory of Hull is physiological and is related to adaptation of the organism in the environment, that is, environments in excellent conditions is equal the organism adapted well, to engage itself in an adaptation is necessary motivation. Hull cited the force of the habit as being a persistence of the behavior in function of the reinforcement (conditioning), and in this direction, drive it is an engine that stimulates the habit. For it, the reinforcement is important, but alone it is not nothing, being necessary the impulse to energize the organism. Hull found that mannering psychology would have to describe the laws that conduct the automatic behavior. The laws are controlled for principles and these are necessary. Hull created some postulates on the theory of the behavior: not conditional connections of stimulaton-reply, being that the individual has a evolutivo organic preparation to establish this relation (reflected), that is, have innate trends (aparo biological) to establish answers not learned; the reception of stimulatons depend on the intensity, the threshold and the time of this stimulaton; primary reinforcement; formation of habit, primary motivation or impulse with two components (privation, saciao) and the negative component (starvation); incentive; reaction potential; adaptativo automatic behavior; principle of the mannering oscillation (learning for assay and error); principle of generalization of stimulatons; learning for discrimination; anticipation of the habit (escape and esquiva); joint learning that involves positive and negative assay (reinforcing and extinguishing).