Psychological defense is a special Stability of personality designed to guard against unpleasant consciousness, traumatic experiences. Fencing takes place by displacement of information contrary to the self – concept. The principle of psychological defense lies in the weakening of interpersonal stress, by distorting the existing reality, or causing the body to the following changes: psychic surgery, bodily disorders (dysfunction), manifested in the form of chronic psychosomatic symptoms, changes in behaviors. With long-term neurosis allowed the emergence of so-called secondary defense mechanisms that perpetuate neurotic behavior (for example, there is a rationalization to justify their failure, withdrawal sickness, which exempts from responsibility for solving problems). Coping (from the English. 'Cope' to cope, survive, cope) is stabilizing factor that can help the individual maintain psychosocial adaptation during stress.
Coping behavior – it's adaptive behavior in order to maintain equilibrium in a problem situation. The problem situation is characterized by: uncertainty. Increased complexity. Stressor Inconsistency Stressful situations are the following: Makrostressory (critical life events) require prolonged social adaptation, costs a lot of effort and accompanied by persistent affective disorders. Mikrostressory (daily congestion and troubles) are localized in time, entail deterioration of health, to restore the adaptation is not sufficiently large amount of time (minutes).
Psihotravmy (traumatic events) events with cutoff threshold of intensity is characterized by sudden, unpredictability. Chronic stressors (overload) the events of prolonged length of time, characterized by repeating the same type of stress overload. Stressors may be the reason, partial cause (kodeterminantoy), aggravate and provoke a mental disorder. Stress can also perform a protective function and .