Skin cancer is the uncontrolled growth of skin cells, is one of the most diagnosed cancers and is presented in different ways. Basal cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer, is cancer of slow growth, that normally appears in people older than 40 years. The basal cells are normal skin cells that can become cancerous cells, usually in areas of the body or scalp that are exposed to the Sun. People white, blonde and light eyes are at greater risk of developing skin cancer. Although this type of skin cancer may spread to nearby tissues in the advanced stages of cancer, basal cell carcinoma usually does not spread to distant parts of the body. A skin lesion that has a Pearly or waxy appearance and is flat or slightly raised may indicate a basal skin cancer.
The injury may be white or pale pink colour, flesh-colored, or Brown, and may contain blood vessels that are both visible in nearby skin or lesion. Another warning signal is a sore that does not heal or an injury that looks like a scar, but is not related to an injury to the skin. It is important to visit your doctor if there are any suspicious skin lesion. The edge, color, size, and the lack of symmetry sometimes indicate a cancerous growth. The squamous cell carcinoma that occurs in the middle layer of the epidermis, or skin, is more likely to spread to another area of the body and is more aggressive than basal cell carcinoma. It often begins after age 50 and can occur in normal skin or in an area burned or injured. Melanoma is not as common, but more lethal than other forms of skin cancer, there are four types of melanoma, and vary according to the location of the body where it is likely to occur, the age group that affect, and the groups of people most severely affected.
Depending on the type of melanoma, is the surgical removal of skin cancer. Forms more serious may require radiation or chemotherapy treatments. The cure for skin cancer has not yet been identified by the doctors, however, there are multiple measures of prevention that can prevent its onset. The best way to prevent skin cancer includes avoiding the strong rays of the Sun, basically from 10 a.m. 4 p.m. You should also use a sunscreen every day with a factor of sunscreen (SPF) of 15 or higher. Other methods of prevention include the use of wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses. Children must be protected with sunscreen and avoid the midday sun, spending time outdoors, but in the shade, it also reduces the risk of skin cancer.