Some of the consequences that cause our body obesity and being overweight are the following: hyperinsulinemia: consists of basal plasma insulin concentrations increased, this increase may cause the appearance of Diabetes Mellitus secondary to obesity, this is 3 times higher in the obese, in the majority of cases, it can be controlled with a decrease in weight of the individual. Arterial hypertension: often the relationship between obesity and hypertension, obesity and being overweight can cause hypertension bringing with it potentially fatal diseases like cardiovascular disease, certain types of cancer, type 2 diabetes and renal failure among others. Cardiovascular disease: Obesity is a major factor in the emergence and development of cardiovascular diseases, affects social, physical function and quality of life of patients suffering from it. Plasma lipids: increased levels of triglycerides and LDL – cholesterol. Peripheral venous insufficiency: with the Obesity increases the possibilities of presenting varicose veins, Venous Stasis in the legs, edema and skin changes. Respiratory problems: alveolar hypoventilation. Increase in the incidence of colds, chronic bronchitis and pneumonia. Sleep apnea.
Picwick syndrome (cardio-respiratory failure). Cyanotic chronic hypoxia and hypercapnic. Cancer: Obesity in women increases the probability of developing cancer endometrium, breast, gallbladder and biliary tract. In men cancer of colon, rectum and prostate. Cholelithiasis: Is the increase in the production of cholesterol along with increased fat deposits. When cholesterol production rises, does its excretion increased risk of gallstones. Hepatic steatosis: it is the accumulation of fat in the liver cells, is called fatty liver or hepatic steatosis.
Hyperuricemia: Hyperuricemia is the increase in the concentration of uric acid in blood above 7 milligrams per deciliter. Problems psychological and social: social stigma, reduction of opportunities for employment, the self-image and the overall quality of interpersonal relationships. Increase in anxiety, depression and addictive behaviors. Type 2 diabetes: type 2 diabetes, the body does not use insulin properly, glucose begins to accumulate in the blood and is not transported into the cells where it is needed. Osteoarthritis: Is when the cartilage of the joints wears down, which can cause pain and stiffness in the joints. Osteoarthritis is also known as disease degenerative joint, Hypertrophic arthritis, osteoarthritis or osteoarthritis. Dyslipidemia: Disorder in the concentration of fractions of fat that carries our blood plasma, greater than normal.