Batteries

The stacks and batteries are systems, queatravs of chemical reactions produce energy electric, being that they can serclassificadas for and letters to identify which are the reagents. Existeainda another type of classification, primary where access to the soirreversveis and secondary chemical reactions when the chemical reactions are reversible, ouseja, the stacks and batteries is reloadable. Segundoo Institute of Pesquisas Tecnolgicas (IPT) about 1% of the urban garbage constitudo for urban solid residues I contend toxic elements. Essesresduos is proceeding from fluorescent light bulbs, deinseticidas thermometers, cans, stacks, batteries, cans of ink, among others products that apopulao plays in the garbage, therefore does not know that it is about residues perigososcontendo metals heavy or toxic elements or do not have alternative to paradescartar these residues. The stacks and bateriasapresentam in its composition metals considered dangerous to health human being and surrounding aomeio as mercury, lead, has covered, zinc, cadmium, manganese, eltio nickel. Amongst these metals the ones that present greater risk to the health are the lead, the mercury and the cadmium. The stacks and batteries, quandodescartadas in sanitary lixes or aterros, liberate toxic components quecontaminam the ground, the courses d’ water and the freticos sheets, affecting the flora ea fauna of the surrounding regions and the man, for the alimentary chain. Devidoa its toxic components, the stacks can also affect the quality doproduto gotten in the compostagem of organic garbage.

Moreover, its burning emincineradores also does not consist of good a practical one, therefore its resduostxicos remain in leached ashes and part of them can volatilize, contaminating aatmosfera. Considerandoos negative impacts caused to the environment for the inadequate discarding daspilhas and used batteries and the necessity to discipline the discarding and ogerenciamento ambiently adjusted (collects, reutilizao, recycling, treatment or final disposal) of stacks and used batteries, Resolution n 257/99 of the CONAMA decides in its first article: ‘ ‘ The stacks and batteries that contain emsuas compositions lead, cadmium, mercury and its composites, necessary aofuncionamento of any types of devices, vehicles or systems, oufixos furniture, as well as the eletroeletrnicos products contain that them integrated emsua structure of not replaceable form, after its energy exhaustion, seroentregues for the users to the establishments that commercializes them or to the net deassistncia authorized technique for the respective industries, to repass aosfabricantes or importers, so that these adopt directly, or for half deterceiros, the procedures of reutilizao, recycling, treatment final oudisposio ambiently adequado’ ‘. Credit: Heart Specialist-2011. However, the recycling of stacks and batteries becomes necessary, therefore since today temosque to search a form not to attack the environment, thus developing umaforma sustainable of living.